Documentation

UnionRows()

UnionRows() is supplied, as arguments, any number of Rows() calls. Conceptually, UnionRows() does the following:

  • unions all the field values in all the Rows() calls
  • then, returns record IDs / keys for records that have at least one of field values in that list of field values.

UnionRows(Rows(FIELD)) is equivalent to:

Union(
  Row(FIELD=FIELD_VALUE_0),
  Row(FIELD=FIELD_VALUE_1),
  ...
  Row(FEILD=FIELD_VALUE_N)
)

UnionRows() is a row call.

Call Definition

UnionRows(ROWS_CALL, ... )

Mandatory Arguments

  • ROWS_CALL : a rows call (set of record IDs / keys). Note the FIELD argument to Rows() here must be a Set, Mutex, or Time field.

Optional Arguments

  • ... : Any number of additional rows calls seperated by commas. Note the FIELD argument to Rows() here must be a Set, Mutex, or Time field.

Returns

  • list of record IDs or record keys

Examples

Data:

Index: customer (non keyed index)

 _id | age (Int) |  has_purchased (Set)    | last_purchase (Timestamp)
-----+-----------+-------------------------+--------------------------
 0   | 23        | ["brand_a1","brand_a2"] | 2021-01-05T08:30:00Z
 1   | 31        | ["brand_b1"]            | 2020-09-12T12:30:00Z
 2   | 28        | ["brand_a2","brand_b1"] | 2021-08-06T16:15:00Z
 3   | 19        | []                      | null
 4   | 25        | ["brand_c1","brand_c3"] | 2021-10-01T20:45:00Z
 5   | 40        | ["brand_a3"]            | 2022-01-13T11:00:00Z

Example 1

Which users have purchased from any brand?

Query

[customer]UnionRows(
  Rows(has_purchased)
)

Tabular Response

 _id
-----
 0
 1
 2
 4
 5

HTTP Response

{
  "results": [
    {
      "columns": [
        0,
        1,
        2,
        4,
        5
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Explanation

Rows(has_purchased) returns the field values in the has_purchased field – i.e. brand_a1, brand_a2, brand_b1, brand_a3, brand_c1, brand_c3. UnionRows() returns all the records that have any of those values. Note that record 3 is not included.

The equivalent Union() query would be:

[customer]Union(
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a1),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a2),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a3),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_b1),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_c1),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_c3)
)

Example 2

Which users have purchased from any brand that start with brand_a?

Query

[customer]UnionRows(
  Rows(has_purchased, like="brand_a%")
)

Tabular Response

 _id
-----
 0
 2
 5

HTTP Response

{
  "results": [
    {
      "columns": [
        0,
        2,
        5
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Explanation

Rows(has_purchased, like="brand_a%") returns the field values in the has_purchased field that start with brand_a – i.e. brand_a1, brand_a2, and brand_a3. UnionRows() returns all the records that have any of those values.

The equivalent Union() query would be:

[customer]Union(
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a1),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a2),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a3)
)

Example 3

Which users have purchased from any brand that start with brand_a ?

Query

[customer]UnionRows(
  Rows(has_purchased, like="brand_a%"),
  Rows(has_purchased, like="brand_c%")
)

Tabular Response

 _id
-----
 0
 2
 4
 5

HTTP Response

{
  "results": [
    {
      "columns": [
        0,
        2,
        4,
        5
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Explanation

Rows(has_purchased, like="brand_a%") returns the field values in the has_purchased field that start with brand_a - i.e. brand_a1, brand_a2, and brand_a3. Rows(has_purchased, like="brand_c%") returns the field values in the has_purchased field that start with brand_a – i.e. brand_c1 and brand_c3. UnionRows() returns all the records that have any of those values.

The equivalent Union() query would be:

[customer]Union(
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a1),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a2),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_a3),
  Row(has_purchased=brand_c1),
  Row(has_purchased=brand=c3)
)
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